History of Architecture: 3000-1500 BCE

In the start of the period of 3000-1500 BCE, cultures started gathering around the two rivers that give life to the Mesopotamia region.

In here there were very strong communal practices that yielded from religious beliefs. These religious views stem from the understanding of the heavens as a sacred place and their cities that need protection and sacred conditions from their gods. Therefore architectural designs mostly function as sacred spaces. They also served as food surplus and stock. They used baked clay to accomplish the step pyramid structures that are the abstraction of mountains.

In Egypt, there was a similar approach with the pyramids. Egyptian people were also obsessed with the idea of an afterlife that pushed them to achieve big monumental structures.

On the other hand, other civilizations produced their buildings in a more different approach which is rather motivated by functional properties of their daily lives in a communal society founded in the basic need for a human to dwell.


Introduction to SketchUp

This year there is a workshop prepared and given by instructors from our faculty every week. The true core of this project is to make us feel more familiar with computer programs that enable us to design and represent designs that would be not very convenient without using an online software. There are many programs attached to our agenda and in this week, we start with SketchUp: an intuitive way to create 3d models.

Before lecture started our instructor made several important arguments about the common understanding of computer programming and how it is useful to us. There is no proper “knowing” a software which many designers aim to achieve. You can never fully “know” a program. Even the people who created that code that allow this program to work do not fully make use of the programs full capabilities. We should instead strive to know enough about the software that gets the job done. If you solve your problems using this you know this software. Simple as that. And also we are in the age of endless knowledge that is so very easily accessible to everyone, anytime that learning what you aim to solve should be the ultimate goal knowingly.

Our other instructor showed how to first grasp the overall basic structure of SketchUp and how to get accustomed to it. We learned how to draw, push to get 3d objects, move surfaces and how to multiply several elements. We saw how to work in several components, edit groups simultaneously and offset geometrical elements to get various results.

The endless possibilities of this technology also allows us to create quick render-like images that allow the main idea to come through in an organized and realistic manner using help from Photoshop.

I am very excited to start using SketchUp more and produce models that will have a gigantic effect on my designing process.

Detail and Section Drawing of Kolejin

Hello, to start our journey into the second year studio studies, we went on a field trip to Kolejin (a multi-functional recreational center) in order to experience and be aware of the human proportions in relation to the design principles and the strategic function of the building. We had one hour to examine the space around us and try to grasp the potential of spaces reference to the human scale. Also up till now, we had never taken measurements directly from a real-world example that we can comprehend by our own experiences. This was a very interesting step for me because for the first time I got to imagine what it would be like to design something in the language of measures and in return get a tangible functional solution that we as a society can comprehend directly.

In order to get the special qualities of this place, we choose relatively small parts which contain complex materials working together to form an interrelated composition and also have details that would be not studied in a farther away approach to the design.

As the part of the assignment, we were assigned a unique part if the building to be conceived and make a 1/50 section drawing which further acts as a catalyst in the process of understanding the bond between human scale and architectural designs that we use every day.

In our group of four, when we are taking measurements, we quickly realized that the best way was to make a sketch of the to-be-made section drawing which in turn will provide the essential base for the measurements. The section drawing is down below. I truly believe that this work helped me become more aware of my surroundings and freshen up my cognitive and drawing skills.

History of Architecture : Prehistory

In order to start the Arch221 course, our instructor had the first lecture on prehistory part of the history of architecture. We also had a complimentary reading portion that is parallel to the lecture and which can strengthen our understanding of the instinctual mindset that came into building architectural structures.

This goes far back as the Prehistoric times when humans first dwelled in caves and later formed their own version of a cave-like hut that consisted of branches and leaves. This later evolved into spiritual spaces and became a large part of the social rituals that exemplify nature and its animals. We started to see communities form that lives so close to each other in settlements without any roads. This is the result of new technologies that allow structures to be more stable and buildable.

Prism in Photography resulting in interesting visuals


web1_Ersan ilktan_03

This month I choose a theme for a post on thevoidmag.com (a student based architecture and design magazine functioning in TEDU) to be about architectural photography. The subject was to experiment with photographing buildings in the lens of a crystal of some sort. This prism allowed me to discover and experience these buildings in a new environment like an alternative universe where the images coming to our eyes are multiplied in various different parts to sometimes overlap and relate themselves accordingly. This technique creates also different angles of information to be seen in the same medium. It is very close to a collage work where you can visualize something which was nonexistent before and helps with the understanding of the building in a new way.

I started with the photography trip in Kızılay, Ankara which is a very vibrant part of the city which was first designed with the first urban planning projects for the neighborhood. There are many old and new buildings which had a serious impact on the history of Ankara. Many buildings stand as they are for a very long time serving various functions and this new method of documentation/discovery brought forth relations that showed still parts of the building relating. A new form.




Experiencing METU in terms of Hinges

Because of the rich character and well-designed nature of the Middle East Technical University Campus, our instructors decided to take us on an educational trip to experience this campus. Our aim in this study was to vary the studio environment where we learn by experience to also affect our ability to design by seeing and documenting those different uses of design solutions. This trip was a continuation of the on-going studio times that will continue to shift environments from time to time in order to observe and analyze different design problems and how we can shift these solutions to implement our design problems in our own projects.


We also focused on the specific spatial use of dfg
“hinge” in these buildings. For those of you who are unfamiliar with the word “hinge” in this architectural context, a hinge can be defined as how two elements are connected. As hinges in the context of attaching doors or windows change and adapt as the elements that are being connected to differentiate, hinges in the architectural means also adapt to differentiating conditions. sketchd

For example, if two elements form a junction or corner, they cannot just do that without any reaction to one another if they are not the same element. This results in a hinge solution that is unique to every design problem. Although these conditions are unique, we can also take note from these instances and apply a similar approach to other problems hence our trip to METU.sketchhh

Scannable Document 2 on May 1, 2017, 4_41_08 PMWhile talking about hinges, it is wise to ask how a hinge can be identified. There are no specific rules about this condition but it can be said that hinges are an in-between state between being considered as a gap or a mistake. This gap should be proportionally in a way that acts as a part of a plane. At certain parts reaction of one element to another can be in the form of a hinge but we need to ask ourselves whether it is a space or a hinge. hingegSpace can also act as a hinge but we need to draw a line between spatial hinges and surface hinges. The surface use of hinge can be used to exemplify certain spatial qualities but a spatial use of hinge can directly act as a space that is the result of two reacting spaces.


Proportionally the hinge is very small therefore it is experienced as part of the connection between two critical elements and not as a space/element itself. The use of light in surface treatments is also important when it comes to altering the spatial experience of the space.

Expressive Collage of Villa Savoye

Expressive Collage_Villa savoye_Ersan ilktanIn our Arch112 studies, we were advised to produce an expressive collage about our assigned houses reflecting ideas about our analysis about the design and spatial qualities of the architecture. Of the building. While designing this collage we were supposed to use at least one picture, one drawing of some sort and an alteration/addition of visuals such as an illustration or some lines to study the coming together of these elements in this new ground of design where you analyze & realize the projects main approaches. The variety of expressionist mediums like this sort is critical to the overall success of the collage work in terms of transferring the information to the viewer or the understanding of the study more thoroughly. With the difference in elements, we can conceptualize the effect and reaction of these different types of information in the representation of the design.

Simplicity in Expressionist collages is another topic that holds a great importance. I noticed that the more abstract and straightforwardly thinking my thought process gets, the better the legibility and readability of the information on my work. As a result, the collage is simple so that it is easily understandable and complex in order to contain more analysis of information. Therefore this collage must visualize a new idea that comes from the A+B->C situation. The finished product is not directed towards showcasing a real state of design in the real meaning but an expressive experience that comes from an otherwise impossible thing with only using a picture per say.

My expressive collage is the result of an overlap of a picture of Villa Savoye and an exploded axonometric projection with the addition of lines indicating the flow throughout the Villa.